The Weather

Today—Fair. high near 88. Saturday— Humid with afternoon thundershow- ers likely. Yesterday—High,. 87 at 5:10 p.m.; low, 67 at 5:58 a.m. (De- tails on Page B-11.)

Phone WA 4200

De ~

The Washington Post

FINAL

Phone WA. 4200

NO. Cepyright, 1949.

26.671

Entered as Second Class Matt

er, By The Washingten Post Company Postoffice,. Washington. D. C.

WASHINGTON:

FRI

DAY, JUNE 24,

1949

CARRILR PER MONTH

DELIVER) -

| Daily and Sunday $1 Daily Onl | Sunday Only 15 3S

City Zene 81.” Elsewhere sINGI on tee Sw

ory PRICE

Pails Stind¢ay Sunday,

“~ ie

rity ton tisewhere) .15

S

Hiss Denie

a

St e-~-teeitteens

Suit Filed in District Court

Did Dog Attack or Fondle? That’s the $75,000 Question

ane”

Lawmakers Say Truman Wants Action On Job Drop

(See picture on Page 2) By John W. Ball

Post Reporter

President Truman believes something should be done about rising unemployment, members of a congressional delegation that visited the White House yesterday re- ported.

Senator James E. Murray (D., Mont.) headed a delegation of five Democrats who sought support from Mr. Truman for an “economic | expansion” bill.

Meantime, the following devel- opments in the country’s economic | situation were reported:

1. President Truman signed a joint resolution authorizing the og 2 monthly publication of “economic —— sf indicators” by the Governmertt. ES : se This monthly. economic analysis | & a | is to be prepared by the President's | ¥ Council of Economic Advisers. ~ | Letter to O'Mahoney )

After signing the measure. Mr. Truman made public the follow-* ing letter to Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney ‘D., Wyo.), who spon- sored the bill: |

“It is particularly important to our Government's efforts to pro- mote the objectives of maximum employment, production, and pur- chasing power, as set forth in the Employment Act of 1946, that there be broad public knowledge concerning economic facts and developments.

“It will now be possible for people throughout the country to follow each month the compila- tion of economic charts. and ee prepared for the Joint ¢ Cre amb ec

mmittee on the Economic Re-| port by the Council of Economic 4 $75,000 damage suit in District eset! beg alg Pag be vege Advisers as this’ document will be Court yesterday. | eae llerangt Gendie elb bey o! available on a subscription basis| Duke is the pet of Mike Schek- Rosser’ Sea Food Grill, 4132 ‘from the Superintendent of Docu- terson, who lives at Soldiers’ ua ied |

ments.” sae ‘Home. Plaintiff in the shit is| While be was there, Duke “at-)

2. An extra allotment of 33 mil- Frank Bannow, 65, an interior; See SUIT, Page 14, Column 5. lion dollars to States for adminis- —-—— . : Fe

gg A cl ag b-finding and jo>- Dresages Closest T-H Vote Yet Lucas Unites Pro-Labor Ranks

'

X

eo 2 : 9 : ape ee.

f ™% 4 4:

ix

. FF at b> A > x ‘4 . +e eo "2 : x » < x a ie : s a 2 ae

By Jack Lartz—The Washington Pos DUKE’S A BIG FELLOW—Mike Schekterson of Soldiers’ Home

shows how Duke playfully puts up his paws

The size and weight of “Duke,” |decorator, who lives at 219 Far- brought about/r@gut st. nw. |

-_ —_ ~ ee ~ —a a

: |

commended by the House Appro- priations Committee. Unemployment Rise Increasing numbers of unem- ° . » - ployed and the “untoreseeabie With Anti-Injunction Move work load” makes the additional, ; award negessary, the committee By Robert C. Albright said. The extra funds were in- Post Reporter . cluded in the omnibus deficiency’ Senate Administration forces, united for the first time in a labor money dill to be sent to the House bill maneuver, yesterday aimed a surprise amendment at the emer- for action probably next week. 3. The directors of the United States Chamber of Commerce urged Congress to trim Federal spending and balance the budget as a “stabilizing influence” on the Nation's economy. A_ resolution * See ECONOMIC, Page 25, Col. 7.

Truman Names Flanagan for New

Term On PUC

President Tryman _ yesterday nominated James H. Flanagan for a new three-year-term as Chairman ef the District Public Utilities Commission, to start July 1.

The nomination was forecast in The Washington Post Wednesday. it was sent to the Senate shortly after noon yesterday.

Flanagan has strong backing at the Capitol, and Senate members privately predicted that the nom- ination would be quickly approved.

It must be cleared by the Senate

for Flanagan, Harold Boisvert, Washington attorney.

gency injunction heart of the Taft-Hartley Act.

Mavhew Set To Succeed Chief Murphy

By John London’

Post Reporter Deputy Chief Joseph ‘Holy Joe)

~

7

The shift in strategy closed over-

night a long-standing breach in the Senate's pro-labor ranks and pre- saged the closest vote yet on a Taft-Hartley issue,

Senate Democratic Leader Scott W. Lucas (Ill.) sprung the surprise. He simply moved to strike out of a pending substitute by Senator ‘Robert A. Taft (R., Ohio) all pro-

vision for use of injunctions in,

critical strikes. This would leave untouched for

Mayhew, 62, has been chosen tothe time being Taft's companion succeed Fire Chief Clement Mur-|provision for seizure of a struck)

phy, who expects to retire July 1

for physical disability, Commis-

sioner John Russell Young said yesterday. Mayhew,

in an interview, re-

‘plant in a National emergency. ‘Lucas said his amendment con- isolidated splintering Administra- tion ranks by stripping the issue ‘to this: |

“Are you for or against use of

vealed he plans to continue “gen-'the injunction to require®striking

erally” the policies of the contro- versial retiring chief.

However, Mayhew indicated that. unlike Murphy he does not believe integration of white and Negro

| firemen would work.

Interest in the Fire Department, proved by the Senate. Local Demo-| revealed, focused on candidates for crats had backed, as a replacement tne deputy chief post Mayhew will | vacate. Belief was strong that the

employes to continue to work for a private employer?”

Taft admitted he was caught off guard by the tactics change, but not for long. With Taft's support, ‘Senator Spessard L. Holland (D., Fla.) countered with an amend- ment specifically providing for 60- day injunction powers in critical

thority altogether.

strikes, but omitting seizure au-/ After Mi

Kver Being a

By Drew Pearson Dr. Edward Condon, Direc- tor of the National Bureau of Standards, who with his wife was smeared in FBI reports made public in the Judith

Coplon trial, has written a

letter to FBI Director J. Ed- gar Hoover that may rank as one of the great human docu- ments of 1949.

Dr. Condon, tortured by the ru-

‘mors and innuendo spread first by ‘the Un-American Activities Com- ‘mittee about his wi sympathies for Russia, twice asked

wife's alleged

Hoover for an apology. Then he sat

‘down and wrote Hoover a persona! letter in which he poured out some of his obviously deep convictions ‘on FBI reports. However, the let- ter, so far unpublished, speaks for

itself. Here it is:

| Text of Condon Letter

The téxt of Dr. Condon’s letter

| follows:

Dear Mr. Hoover: On Saturday and Sunday,

| angered and hurt by the unjust

and unfair allusions to my wife contained in an “unevaluated” FBI report which was made pub- lic in connection with court trial last week, I issued state- ments to the press in which I demanded an apology from you.

IT would like to. assure you that these statements grew solely out of the spontaneous anger natural to any Man on seeing the name of his wife sullied in the press through official docu- ments implying improper con-

| duet through their distortion of | an innocent and normal act, by

cryptic and insidious phrase- ology and connotations, into something improper. I believe that you can appreciate and sym- pathize with my reactions.

It is apparent, however, that you could not reply to my state- ménts because the injury is Ir-

reparable by any apology. be-

cause it would be impossible to remedy the sufferings that many have undergone, inaluding my- self, as a result of similar opera- tions, and because there is the possibility that any reply from

_ you might be pertinent to a court

matter. In the light of these, I

_ regret any inconvenience that I

may have caused you.

The fact that the present un- fortunate events did take place does emphasize, it seems to me, the need for care and cau- tion in connection with investi- gatory procedures. I have re- peatedly pointed out the im- portance of proper investigations and proper security measures and, for example, I have held again and again that the Presi- dent's loyalty program is a splendid and excellent thing.

But the care and caution which I mention are crucial if we are to attain the ends which we seek and, indeed, if we are not to jeopardize that very thing— our free and democratic coun- try—which we value above all else.

In this connection, I do not believe that the welfare of our Nation is served when slander- ous material about decent Amer- icans becomes a part of official documents. It does no good to say that these documents are “unevaluated” because they are, in fact, used as official reports, as they are in such matters as Federal employment and loyalty cases where they are used as

See LETTER, Page 10, Column 3.

mae eee _—

onage

“because vou know

By Bill Brinkley Post Reporter In a vital line of testimony, Judith Coplon yesterday would not admit that the FBI confidential documents found in her purse when she was ar- rested and charged with es- pionage were the property of the United States ment. : These crucial “data slips,” con- taining. among other things, in- formation on Russian espionage activities in this country, were “for my personal use—-they were my personal working papers,” she contended.

“Can I gay that States Government owned them at my discretion?” the Barnard Col-

Conslen Eases Judy Wont Remember Cecchi Galician sh ? His Demand Admit U. S. For Apology Owned Data

Govern- |

the United

lege honor graduate asked Chief.

Prosecutor John M. Kelley, jJr., as he repeatedly tried to pin her down on the question.

Kelley Astonished

“You can say thaf—is that what you're saying?” Kelley shouted back in astounded tones.

“The sereaming and the know-’

ing look he’s constantly giving the jury!” Defense Attorney Archibald Palmer shrieked, tumb!- ing to his feet.

“Are these documents the prop- erty of the United States Gov- ernment”’” Kelley's voice ham- mered through in District Court. “Who owned them?”

The defendant don't know.”

The high importance of the tes- timony lay in the defense effort to establish that in taking the now- famous FBI “data slips” on New York weekend, Miss Coplon was carrying around something that belonged to her personally or at least partly so.

Miss Coplon, a Justice Depart- ment political analyst then, arrested March 4 in New

answered: “!]

York

with Valentin Gubitchev, 32-vear-'

old Soviet U,-N. engineer, after FBI agents had surveilled them for months. In addition to the espi- charge against her here. both face charges in New York of conspiracies to commit espionage.

Says Two Took Papers

Not only were the “data slips” in her purse then her “personal working papers,” Miss Coplon said. What was more, she said. two other political analysts took such slips with them when they left their jobs at the Department of Justice

“How da you know?” Kelley sharply cross-examined her.

“I have been told that—I have

.no personal knowledge of it.” the

defendant admitted.

“It's a handy accusation,” ley snapped.

“If you had resigned March 1,” he went on relentlessly, “you would have felt entitled to de- Stroy these! data slips or to take

Kel-

‘them with you?”

ee

“And the answer is no.” the prosecutor's voice clamped down, they belong to your Government!”

Thus the prosecution worked away on Miss Coplon’s claim that she had the data slips in her purse when arrested in order to get ready for a civil service.exam,

which required hér to outline |

projects she had been working on.

Nor would she admit the value the FBI documents. which she had when she was with Gubitchev,

See COPLON, Page 8, Colum

other Uses It

ee

was

ae ee ee

—— - eee

~~ ., é : ; =

ast 7

3 y - * .

Communist

*

Never Gave U.S. Secrets To Outsiders,

He Testifies

_Not to Chambers Or Any Other Unauthorized Person, He Says

By Murrev Marder

ih: Siiiien

New York, June 23.—Alger Hiss, with a distinguished Career at stake in a trial which may clear his name or send

® him to prison branded as a

betrayer of State Department Secrets, at 3:21 p. m. today

=~ = took the witness stand in his

is or ever

Associated Press WIREPHOTOs

BOTH ARE THE SAME BOY—Gerald Sullivan, pictured at left on March 14, when Boston police discovered he had been held captive in a small room for 10 years, appears as an entirely

different person (right) entering court vesterday.

is facing charges of neglecting

‘Repugnant to Constitution’

to her. (Story on Page 15)

His mother

him. Gerald would not speak

ee

Prince Georges Court Rules

Slot Machine Law Invalid

the)

| By William H. Smith

Post Reporter

‘ing weighed by

perjury trial here.

The lean, good-looking 44-year- old, his expression shifting from intense concentration to a boyish grin, denied unequivocally that he was a Communist or

ever supplied documents to any unauthorized person. 3 His appearance was the climactic moment to the months of worid- wide headlines which began last August when Whittaker Chambers first accused him of being a Com- munist, then added the charge that Hiss was a willing member of a Russian spy ring. Strides Calmly to Stand

Hiss calmly strode to the stand

jin the packed, stilled courtroom, ‘where for

17 trial days he has carefully watched his future be- | 10 men and 2 women.

. “Mr, Hiss.” asked chunky, white- haired Chief Defense Counsel

| Lloyd Paul Stryker, placing the

“question which congressional com-

| The Prince Georges County slot machine law, voted at a referen-\mittees have so frequently phrased,

Charles C.-Marbury held that the ibill, legalizing cash-payoff i¢hines, was “invalid and repugnant to the Maryland constitution.”

' He said its title failed to de- ‘scribe adequately the full intent of ‘the measure and did not provide ‘for either repeal 6r modification of State antigambling laws,

The jurist also termed the “in- nocuous” wording of the title mis- leading on the ground that the use of the term “amusement devices” did not clearly indicate that the type of machines to be legalized could be used for gambling.

Judge Marbury said that he would issue a decree within a few days “consistent with the opinion.” The decree, he said, would enjoin county commissioners from issu- ing slot machine licenses and tak- ing other steps to put the law into effect.

The ruling was issued in a de- claratory judgment suit filed by a Mantgomery County pinball ma- chine operator last week in an effort to invalidate a provision of the law restricting slot machine Jicenses to Prince Georges County residents.

The operator, C. Walter Hen- drix. at no time made any attempt to challenge the validity of the entire act. When Judge Marbury, hearing the suit last week, indi- cated he had strong doubts as to the constitutionality of the whole Jaw, it obviously took both Hen- ‘drix and the Prince Georges Coun- ‘ty commissioners by surprise.

The challenge of the residence ‘requirement was at once subordi- nated and, as it turned out, Judge ‘Marbury did not trouble to decide ithat issue in his ruling yesterday

;

= 3 inasmuch as he struck down the of it, ___fentire bill.

' ,

The bill providing for cash pay- ‘off slot machines in Princé Georges

ma-

>

dum June 2, yesterday was declared unconstitutional,

| In an 11-page opinion, Prince Georges County Circuit Judge! been a member of the Communist

-

Tax Probe Airs’

front of a cream-colored summer

Officials’ Ties

By Robert Thompson

Post Reporter

Federal authorities are prepar-|

“blow the lid off” a suspected tieup between officials and gamblers in Prince Georges County, a person familiar with the case told The Washington Post, basis for the inquiry.

This ernment agents already have a con-'

ing a case to

Income tax violations are

individual said that Gov-

fession from one Prince Georges County official. believed connected with law enforcement, and are fol-

lowing out a mass of evidence un-: covered in investigation of affairs’ of known gamblers and county offi-:

cials,

As soon as the Government men of. both the Justice Department and the Bureau of Internal Reve- nue correlate and corroborate es- sential facts already in their pos- session, the case will go to a Bal-: timore Federal grand jury with) request for indictments, the in-: formant said. j

The income tax inquiry stemmed; from several sources. When George | Morris Fay, United States Attor-|

ney in Washington, began his in-|

quiry into gambling more than a vear ago, he launched one phase

: tcomplexion, ;

To Gamblers |

imunist sympathizer?”

i“Are you now or have you ever

|Party?” “I Am Not and Have Never Been” Hiss, his arms crossed over the

)suit which contrasted with his dark answered softly:

“ft am not and have never been.” Q. “Or a fellow traveler or Com-

A. “No, Mr. have been.”

Stryker then showed him four handwritten documents, among papers Chambers said he received from Hiss for the spy ring in 1938 when Hiss was assistant to Assist- ant Secretary of State Francis B. Sayre. Hiss admitted they were in his writing

Indicating 65.typewritten docu- ‘ments, and 50-odd pages of micro- filmed papers Chambers said he also‘ got from Hiss, Stryker later asked

“Did you in your lifetime ever furnish, transmit or deliver to Whittaker Chambers or any atu- thorized person, restricted secret or confidential documents of the State Department?”

Denies He Lied to Grand Jury

“I think you meant ‘unauthor- ized.” said Hiss with a smile. Stryker quickly corfected himself, and Hiss replied, “as amended, I did not.”

With the same kind of crisp an- swers, he denied that he lied in the two perjury counts against him, when he told a Federal grand jury here 6n December. 15, 1948, that he had not seen Chambers after Janu-

See HISS, Page 4, Column 1.

U.S. Fired 83

Stryker, I never

>

Metropolitan Police at that'

time supplied him with a list of On Loyalty Counts

138 “known gamblers” Greater Washington area.

in thei

In 20 Months

new deputy chief might soon be chief. e effect of the Taft-Hollahd

Basis for this speculation is that Counter was to give their plan to ‘Mayhew is less than two years from Clinch injunctions into the law

the mandatory retirement age of Voting priority over the Lucas

‘County was passed at the last ses- He submitted this list, along! sion of the Maryland Legislature, with evidence he had accumulated.. The Civil. Service Commission ‘reported last night that 83 Fed-

See SLOT, Page 19, Column Ss NCE, ; ee PRINCE, Page 19, Column lL. Feral employes have been fired for

———— |

loyalty reasons since October 1,

AAUW Unit Here

Votes to Secede

°

we

Death of Girl, 13 Months Old,

the

The District of Columbia branch of the American Association of University Women seceded last

night from the national body be- for a candidate like Battalion Chie cause the convention voted to al- William H. Ronan, widely regarded |those two votes.

low Negroes to become members of the national organization. Story on Page B-1.

64. Though Commissioners Move. Actually both amendments could extend his tenure it was sus- Present the same basic injunction . ‘pected Mayhew might serve an|/ssue. Thus the first clear-cut, A 13-month-old girl who had in- ‘even shorter term, clearing the way tests in the still-inéonclusive la- haled carbon tetrachloride fumes ¢bor bill wrangle will come onin her home last Saturday, died

ital. The child was Margaret Eley. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Milford

as “cocky” but possessed of some, Offered by Senator Wayne Morse P strong backing. (R., Oreg.}, this would have re- Murphy said he plans to leave quired the President to submit Eley of 18 Todd pl. ne.

‘14 Pest Readers Disappointed— One Gets Table

Mrs. G. D. of Columbia Rd. N.W. had to disappoint 14 Post readers, because she had only one dining room table to sell. Her Post want ad brought 15 calls in two days.

Some of those 14 disap- pointed readers may still be

looking for a table. Have you |

one to sell? Call NA. 4200.

See MAYHEW, Page 14, Col. 4. © See LABOR, Page 2, Column 4. __ Dr. Christopher J. Murphy. dep-

ihe ‘uty coroner, said he was convineed | i the child died as a@ result of inhal-

Convicted Man Says Lawyer

‘Guaranteed’ His Freedom

ing the fumes. However, he with- By Joseph Paull Post Reporter

theld a death certificate pending a ‘chemical analysis of vital organs. | According to Dr. Murphy, the fumes damaged the lung tissue ‘and bronchial pneumonia followed. : | The cleaning fluid had spilled A convicted gunman testified trial without consulting them. De- over the head and face of the here yesterday that he was guar-'cision in the case was deferred. proves his freedom by Attorney) In refuting the defendants’ result from swallowing the fluid, ‘Denny Hughes after the lawyer claims, Hughes declared that he was given $500 to have the case received $500 as his 1 fee and “taken care of.” nothing more in con ion ihe Coe Milford Eley The statement was made in Dis-the case. He testified he could 9, , (trict Court. In the case, two Balti- not remember who paid it, but The moreans who were found guilty knew he got it. Eley, 35, is a clerk in the surface jin 9th st. gunplay over the pro-| He acknowledged, however, that/division of the Bureau of Engrav- ceeds of a roving crap game are’, complaining witness in the/ing. fighting for a new trial. They are Bryuno-Skeens case had been paid) Mrs. Eley said the accident hap- John Joseph Bruno, 38, and James'¢400 to take care of medical ex-|pened ig their home at 5 p. m.) _T. (Skinner) Skeens, 28. ‘penses. He declared further: Saturday while she was cleaning __ Skeens received 16 months to... complaining witnesses gave a skirt with carbon tetrachloride. four years for assault with a dan- ... all the ‘help in the world they| Serous weapon and carrying @ 8UD- could, but a taxicab driver con- ‘Bruno received a year for assault) sted beth these men.” and six months for packing ® gun. | Yesterday's | Both now claim that H |

the case death probably yould

which was resting on the edge of fe the dining room table.

<i

‘waived away their right to a jury

:

4

is a mechanic at Bolling Field. acai mother, Mrs. Leis Sexton) ae

\See MOTION, Page 18, Columa 3.' Mrs. Eley made a rapid grab fer!

Laid to Cleaning Fluid Fumes

at 3 a.m. yesterday in Sibley Hos-

=

4 ,

Hollywood, June

Snake Pit?’ Wins Top Honors

11947

It said the loyalty of nearly two

(?).—The film as the best drama of the year, Million Government workers had

Screen Writers Guild named the Oscar Hammerstein 2d gave the 2C@ investigated in the first 20

“Snake Pit” tonight as the screen |play which “dealt most ably with

awards to screen writers Frank

‘months of the program. After

; “full field’. investigations

iproblems of the American scene Partos and Millen Brand a. an in-\into the loyalty of Federal work-

rin 1948.”

dustry and national broadcast.

‘ers by the FBI, it said, 274 em-

Making its first honors to its|Navelist Mary Jane Ward shared|ployes were found “ineligible” for }members, the guild also named thejin both honors.

| Of ‘Last: Days’

The

: :

current “enormous

icrease” in crime, murder and law-

child. Dr, Murphy said death could) but added that if this had been =

Me ee eee: ® RGARET ELEY Tragic accident victim

———

The child, who had been toddling the bottle and it toppled to the ‘for three or four months, reached floor and splattered. She said the up for a pint béttle of the fluid child became unconscious almost at

once as the fumes arose.

child lapsed inte a coma

-

et A eA Ean emcees eget”

Rushed Sibley Hospital, the. Monday

lessness is part of direct fulfill- ment of the “last days” as prophe- sied by the Bible, Elder Howard J. Detwiler, president of the Po- tomae Conference, Seventh Day Adventists, said last night.

He spoke to more than 2000 del-

~, jegates and members from the Dis-

trict of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia at the opening of the 10- day annual camp meeting at the ‘Sligo SDA Church, Carroll and

iFlower ave.. Takoma Park, Md.

The Adventist leader cited the current armament race, the At- lantie Pact and the conflict be- tween capital and labor as the realization of other Bible predic-

of the world.

Adventist Elder Sees Signs

in-'

tions of events leading up to the| d coming of Christ and the

of the World

are crying for ‘peace. peace’ af

meetings of leading statesmen and; at the United Nations they are at! Elder Detwiler: said, “racing to build up the de- fense of the country with fheir armaments program. This is 4 dis- tinct and clear fulfillment of the’

the same time.’

prophecies of the New Testament.” Warning his audience of critical situation today,

allegiance to its principles,

An estimated attendance of be- tween four and five thousand per sons f& expected at the weekend services, according to W. H. Jones, conference secretary-treas-

| See ADVENT, Page M4, Col. 6.

|

“While the nations of the earth

iGovernment employment Of the 274. 83 have been fired,

150 successfully appealed and were \ restored

to their jobs, and 141 -eases still are pending.

Nearly 700 Government - work- iers left their jobs before their loyalty cases had been processed ifully by the Federal Loyalty Re- iew Board.

Vv

Senate Unit Rejects

Pay Hike Bill Delay

The Senate Armed: Services Committee yesterday decided

. | not te delay the service pay in- the: he de- clared that all Christians should: renew their acquaintance with the” facts in the Bible and renew their)

crease bill for a study of retire- ment regulations. Stery on Page 12. : Elsewhere inside the paper: Pages ae B8.11

Federal Diary Financial

Ob: tuaries Radio

Sports Weather Women

: Amusements , Classified

Columnists 24, 25 | Comics (2. 9 Crossword Puzzle 22 District Line 3 Editorials, Cartoon 24

9 -_

Friday,

THE WASHINGTON POST June 24, 1949

Struck Hawaii Firm Burns Rotting Food

‘Master Stroke’

Lewis Seeks Wider Coal Talk Scope

foodstuffs rotting

(

White Sulphur Springs, W. Va. June 23 (*).—John L. Lewis and soft coal operators from the North and West moved today to make a national wage confernce of their contract talks here. ,

This was considered a master stroke by Lewis. It might enable him to isolate the Southern Coal Producers’ Association and United States Steel in his annual maneu- vers for more miner benefits.

Lewis and the coal operators started bargaining for a new ete: tract here today by counting up the annual production tonnage represented at their conference table.

The tons of soft coal. This was so much. of the country’s total that Lewis

and the coal men joined in tele- grams asking other sections of the’ industry to join them in their contract negotiations.

The appeal was addressed to steel companies that operate mines in the South and hav@ contracts © with the United Mine Workers, ' and to a score of Northern and Western companies not represent- ed at the talks here.

me total reached 240 million.

Honolulu, June 23 (#).—Hawaii's

8-week-old dock strike was no) ‘nearer settlement

today, was forced to and burning on its strike-

shipping company begin unloading

bound freighters.

Castle and Cook terminals re- ported that hundreds of sacks of spoiled onions had been removed

from the idled freighter Hawaiian)

‘|Farmer and burned in the munici- pal incinerator. The company said the onions would have contami- ® nated other cargo.

Five tons of badly-needed po- tatoes were also to be burned be- cause of spoilage, the company said.

Both sides to the dispute which

has blockaded shipping to Hawaii refused *o budge from their pre- viously stated positions on the 32 per cent wage boost demanded by striking longshoremen.

The International Longshore-

en's and Warehousemen’s Union maintains that a 32 per cent in- crease in pay will bring Hawaii's dock workers to a more even wage with West Coast longshore-

The stevedoring companies in- sist that wages should be at a parity with those of workers in other Hawaiian industries rather than with mainland longshoremen. Although there are shortages in many food staples, the overall food situation is not considered serious yet. The longshoremen have of- fered to unload 4400 cases of canned milk from the strike- ‘bound freighter Hawaiian Retailer, which sailed for Hawaii after the walkout began.

A shortage of canned milk for ‘babies is the most serious result

if they came in, only two sec-|o¢ the strike so far as food is con- tions of the industry would be left | cerned.

outside the negotiations. One is the Southern Coal Producers’ As-

at Bluefield, W. Va.

takes the lead in bargaining be-' tween Lewis and the steel com-

panies operating their own coal mines.

Falls Church Asks Status of

School Division

The new Falls Church School Board has petitioned the State Board of Education to make a school division out of the city.

rious

Reds Dominate Hawaii, sociation,: now holding talks with)

another team of UMW negotiators The other is | United States Steel, which usually |

Senator Butler Charges By The Associated Press

Senator Butler (R.,, Nebr), charged yesterday that “interna- ‘tional revolutionary communism ‘at present has a firm grip on the economic, political and soc ial life of the Territory of Hawaii.’

He urgéd Congress to defer se- consideration of statehood for Hawaii “until the people of the islands demonstrate by posi- tive steps a determination to put

\down the menace of lawless com- ‘munism.’

Butler’s views were expressed

in an official report to the Senate Committee on Interior and Insu-

lar Affairs on his visit to Hawaii

‘last November as a special one-

In a June 2 Fairfax Circuit man subcommittee to study state-|

Court decision, the city was held to be a seperate school district. Since 1942, Falls Church schools had been operated by Fairfax County.

The School Board's request to make Falls Church a _ separate

school division would entitle the

city to its own division superin- tendent of schools. As a school

hood legislation. At the time of his visit he was chairman of the full committee.

In the report, Butler expressed high regard for the loyalty and achievements of “an overwhelm- ing majority” of Hawaii's people. But, he said:

“Since VJ-Day, in September, 1945, the Hawaiian' Islands have become one of the, central oper-

and one.

CONFER WITH PRESIDENT—Six Democratic legislators who

are copsidering introducing what they call

to combat rising unemployment D. TRomas (Utah): James E.

Murray

“economic expansion” are (from left) Senators Elbert (Mont John J. Spark-

F staal Me Se a aa ee ee ee ee Se Ee, ces al ~~ “8.4%, "a _ - 7 SOLO LO OE . a es o- : ? ain ¥) Bata . *-. 5 ; se . - re . ,

a Re << : cree en a ae Cie oleae = oS .

man (Ala.); Helen Gahagan Douglas (Wis.).

White House conference.

Builders Hold Union Offers to Arbitrate Firm Against In Transit Wage Dispute

¥

Carpenters By Sam Stavisky Post Reporter

The Master Builders Association yesterday met crumbling resistance among the independent builders with a new vow to continue to re- ject the pay demands of striking carpenters and laborers

A spokesman for the association. made up of 44 general contractors. insisted yesterday that only two member firms had broken ranks since the 100-million-dollar con- struction industry walkout broke out June 1.

“Our ‘membership standing fast, and.some of the nonaffiliated independents are standing firmly with us,” declared Francis J. Kelly, association attorney.

Meanwhile, the building laborers

1s

‘were following up the recent suc-.

cesses Of the carpenters’ union. Some of the independents who have signed up with the carpenters for 10 cents additional an hour have also agreed to a 15-cent raise for the building laborers.

Under the new contratts. the carpenters will get $2.50 an hour: the building laborers $150 and hour. The laborer contracts carry a proviso that employers who sign up.for 15 cents will pay more or less, ifj and when the Master Builders Association comes to an agreement with the union.

The building laborers yesterday won’ an agreement from Builder Morris Cafritz, who the day be- fore signed up with the carpenters. The laborers have similarly ob- tained new contracts with other firms which accepted the pay raise demands, of the carpenters.

The carpenters added another

independent to their list of em- «

ployers against whom the strike has been called off. A new agree- ment was signed with Aubinoe Construction Co., which is erect- ing the Kaymount Office Building at Vermont ave. and K st. nw.

AFL operators and maintenance men yesterday proposed tion of their dispute with Capital Transit Co. over a work contract. Division 689 of the, way pay

the 1949

Street Rail- Empioyes has been asking a increase of 25 cents an hour for 4300 CTC workers, together with fringe benefits which the company asserts will .amount to 9 cents more

The union vesterday offered to arbitrate their demands. along with the company’s original pro- posal to continue the 1948 con- tract and make operational changes which CTC declares would

amount to a saving of $500,000 a’

year.

Negotiators for the transit com- pany took the union's arbitration offer under advisement, and prom- ised to have a reply ready at

a.m. this morning, when the representatives of management and union meet again with Federal Mediator James Holden.

Eli Oliver, attorney

for the

LABOR—From Page I

arbitra- .

union, yesterday flatly report that at one time in the né- gollations the union had receded

irom its original demands and hail offered to settle for 10 cents an hour additional in pay. He empha- sized the union's arbitration offer submitted in writing yesterday. covered all the issues of the dis- pute in the original proposal of the union and counterproposal of the company.

Three times disputes between the Capital Transit Co. and the union have been settled bv arbi. tration, im 1945, 1946. and 1947 The procedure calls for union and company to select on arbitrator each, and for the two arbitrators then to select a neutral third ar- bitrator.

The present contract between union and company—under which maintenance men get a maximum of $1.58 an hour. and operators. $1.48 an hour—expires July 1.

——

Pro-Labor Ranks Unite

critical strikes to Congress, along with recommendations for settle- ment. If he recommended seizure, the Government could take over a struck plant in 10 days unless both houses voted “No.”

Morse had combined some fea- tures of two other compromise plans voted down Wednesda’. One, by Senators Paul H. Dougias ‘D. Ill.) and George D. Aiken .R., Vt.) would have confined emergency action to seizure. The other, by Senator Irving M. Ives (R., N. Y.), simply would